Emerging Markets and Asia-Pacific Fuel Continued Growth in Payment Volumes
Growth in global payments volumes during 2009 and 2010 is proving the continued resiliency of payments to the effects of the global financial crisis. This growth was sustained by strong performance of the emerging and more mature markets in the Asia-Pacific region, according to findings from the World Payments Report 2011 from Capgemini, The Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) and Efma. Overall non-cash payments volumes grew by 5% in 2009 to 260 billion, continuing the growth trend from 2008 of 9%, albeit at a slightly slower pace. The growth rate was lowest but still positive in North America and Europe (less than 2% and 5% respectively), compared to over t10% in emerging markets and the Asia-Pacific region.
The World Payments Report 2011 examines the latest developments in the global payments landscape, including trends in payments volumes and instrument usage (such as cards and cheques), key payments-related regulatory initiatives and the strategic considerations and options for banks as a result.
Globally, cards remain the preferred non-cash payment instrument, with global transaction volumes up almost 10% and a market share of more than 40% in most markets. However, mobile payments (m-payments) are growing even faster than predicted in the last report reflecting strong user adoption. Mobile payments will represent 15% of all cards transactions by 2013, and will overcome cards volumes within 10 years if growth continues at the same rate. The report found the use of electronic payments (e-payments) and m-payments is expanding, accounting for an estimated 22.5 billion transactions worldwide in 2010.
E-payments are expected to grow globally from 17.9 to 30.3 billion transactions between 2010 and 2013 according to the report, and m-payments from 4.6 to 15.3 billion transactions over the same period. At present, the proportion of these transactions handled outside bank payments systems remains relatively small, but is growing rapidly. The use of cheques continues to lessen, accounting for just 16% of all non-cash global transactions in 2009, down from 22% in 2005, and remains in demand in key markets.
“Payments volumes showed resilience during the global financial crisis with volumes growing in all regions,” said Scott Barton, chief executive officer (CEO), global transaction services, RBS. “Banks face challenges from the rapidly changing payments landscape including the need to respond to new regulatory initiatives and we can expect to see changes to business strategies and models as a result. However, these changes will also present new opportunities.”
Key Regulatory and Industry Initiatives
Through analysis of a wide range of global and regional regulatory and industry initiatives, ranging from Basel III to the Digital Agenda for Europe, from the Dodd-Frank Act to the work of the National Payments Corporation of India, the report identifies five key industry transformation trends which together are reshaping, or soon will, aspects of the payments market and the positioning of the players who operate within it:
Systemic-risk reduction and control: in the wake of the financial crisis, regulators are seeking to reduce systemic risk by asking for stricter requirements on capital and liquidity.
Standardisation initiatives aimed at improving efficiency, streamlining processes and reducing costs continue: some payments instruments and aspects of the value chain are commoditised in the process, making it more difficult for banks to differentiate themselves.
A drive for higher levels of transparency: several initiatives are concentrating on making service fees to clients more transparent, with potential implications for current business models, such as cards.
Convergence: developments in technology and evolving user and regulatory requirements are contributing to a gradual blurring of the lines between traditional payments activities supplied by infrastructure providers, potentially increasing competition between real-time gross settlement (RTGS) and automated clearing houses (ACHs) for certain types of low-value payments.
Innovation: this remains a critical success factor within the payments industry, allowing players to harness emerging technologies and trends, such as mobile devices and contactless payments, to deliver state-of-the-art solutions to meet evolving user needs.
“Regulatory pressure has increased since the economic crisis and, together with the drive toward standardisation and commoditization, is fuelling a fundamental transformation in the payments landscape,” said Jean Lassignardie, global head of sales and marketing, Capgemini Financial Services. “Banks and financial institutions faced with this combination of challenges may wish to look at the examples of the energy and telecoms industries which have responded to similar external pressures by enhancing the level of specialization amongst key players to differentiate their propositions.”
Deriving Value from Payments
As the trend towards further standardisation in the payments market continues, it is driving increased commoditisation of many aspects of the value chain. Banks and other payment services providers (PSPs) face a heightened challenge to distinguish their propositions and may increasingly need to specialize to demonstrate their ongoing value to their customers. Innovation in this area remains vital for banks/PSPs, allowing them to differentiate their propositions and prove their value.
In the mid to long term, the traditional fully-integrated payments model (from supply to delivery) may no longer be optimal for most PSPs.
There could be an emergence of two specialist roles: wholesale payments provider (WPP) and retail payment services provider (RPSP), with very few players in the market able to support the investments needed to play both roles. Evolving into a WPP, RPSP, or both requires important strategic decisions to be made, and will drive banks to understand the role(s) they wish to play in such a future and prepare for this potentially radical shift.
“The evolution of the payments sector is accelerating,” said Patrick Desmarès, secretary general, Efma. “As banks and PSPs consider this reality, they will need to find ways to thrive in the payments
market in the nearer term, while positioning themselves to mitigate the risks and capitalise on the opportunities created by the industry’s transformation in the longer term.”