Only half of UK small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) use external finance such as loans, overdrafts, credit cards, leasing and invoice finance, according to research by BDRC Continental, which was commissioned by the Business Finance Taskforce. The findings are based on 10,118 telephone interviews conducted among UK businesses with up to £25m turnover between February and September 2011.
The second quarterly SME Finance Monitor, which investigates the availability of finance for the UK’s small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), shows that very few SMEs are applying for new and/or renewed finance in the form of loans and overdrafts. In 3Q11, 74% (or 3.37 million) SMEs hadn’t felt the need to seek a loan or overdraft during the previous 12 months (these are classified as ‘happy non-seekers’).
Indeed, looking at the SME market as a whole, a third is in fact completely ‘disengaged’ from borrowing and are happy to be so. This equates to 1.5 million businesses that haven’t, don’t currently and don’t want to use external finance now or in the immediate future.
The report identifies a segment of SMEs called ‘would-be seekers’ – companies that wanted to borrow in the past 12 months but didn’t apply for a variety of reasons. The number of these companies has remained consistent over the period of the report – moving only one percentage point between 1Q11-2Q11 at 13% and 3Q11 at 12%.
Key findings of the research include:
- Demand for loans/overdrafts has fallen recently. SMEs interviewed in 3Q11 were less likely to report any loan/overdraft application or renewal in the previous 12 months compared to SMEs in 1Q11-2Q11 (15% in 1Q11-2Q11 compared to 12% in 3Q11).
- Demand is unlikely to increase in the next three months. In 1Q11-2Q11 19% of all SMEs thought they would apply for new or renewed facilities in the next three months. In 3Q11 it had dropped to 13% of all SMEs.
- The majority of new/renewed loan or overdraft applicants were successful. Almost eight in 10 (79%) of overdraft applicants and 63% of loan applicants now have a facility. Older, more established businesses had the highest success rate.
- Two percent of all SMEs were unsuccessful with an overdraft application, and 1% were unsuccessful with a loan application. 70,000 SMEs that applied for an overdraft were unsuccessful: 51,000 of those were applying for their first ever overdraft. This means that overall, 16% of overdraft applicants were unsuccessful, but of those applying for their first ever overdraft, 52% were unsuccessful. For loans, 54,000 SMEs applied and were unsuccessful: 25,000 of those were first time applicants. This means that overall, 31% of loan applicants were unsuccessful, but of those applying for their first ever loan, 41% were unsuccessful.
- Success rates have declined slightly over time for overdrafts, but for loans, success rates picked up in 2Q11 after previous declines. Qualitatively, early signs are of improving success rates for overdraft and loan applications made in 3Q11.
Understanding Future Demand
- Two thirds (65%) of SMEs have no plans to apply for new or renew existing finance in the next three months and are happy with that scenario. Thirteen percent of SMEs plan to apply, and of those twice as many are confident of being successful than are not (43% versus 20%).
- Two percent of all SMEs have an identified need for finance in the next three months but think it is unlikely they will apply. The two key reasons they gave were ‘discouragement’ (i.e. they have informally approached a bank and felt put off or they haven’t asked but assume a negative response) and a reluctance to borrow in the current economic climate.
- 20% of all SMEs, while having no specific immediate need, said that were a need to emerge they too would be unlikely to apply. For almost half, 44%, of this group, the key barrier is the current economic climate.
- In the past 12 months, 3% of all SMEs have been put off applying for or renewing facilities by the economic climate. Looking forward, 9% of all SMEs cite the economy as a reason for not applying or renewing in the future. That equates to 409,000 businesses. At the same time, the impact of ‘discouragement’ has dropped from 5% of all SMEs to 2%.
Shiona Davies, director at BDRC Continental, said: “This latest research shows that demand and predicted future demand for SME finance remain low, and that the current economic climate is clearly affecting SMEs’ appetite for external funding. Most of those that do apply are successful. However, now that we have more interviews to analyse, we can see the challenges faced by first time applicants in particular.”